Archive for the ‘Technology & Innovation’ Category

Whether we are able to address climate change will come down to our ability to develop, commercialise and deploy low carbon technologies. This will not happen miraculously – some type of policy intervention will be necessary, but what type? As a first step to exploring this subject, I looked at the lessons that we can […]


This fifth case study looks at the development of hybrid, electic and low emissions vehicles in Japan between the 1970s and the 1990s. Japan’s dominance of the hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) market is the result of a conscious decision by the Japanese Government and automakers to invest in an area of strategic national interest, exploit […]


Fluorescent lights require ballasts that help the lamps to start and then control the current flowing through the lamp; electromagnetic ballasts were the conventional ballast technology in the 1960s. Solid state electronic ballasts, developed in the 1970s and 1980s, improve the energy efficiency of fluorescent lights by 15% to 30%, but initially failed to gain […]